2 edition of Observations of the vertical transport of water vapor, ozone, and aerosols by thunderstorms found in the catalog.
Observations of the vertical transport of water vapor, ozone, and aerosols by thunderstorms
Peter M Kuhn
by U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Boulder, Colo
Written in English
|Statement||Peter M. Kuhn ... [et al.]|
|Series||NOAA technical report ERL -- 253, NOAA technical report ERL -- 25|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||v, 133 p. :|
|Number of Pages||133|
ozone in the upper troposphere. If thunderstorms do play a determining role in the amount of ozone in the upper troposphere, then the present model study should be able to explicitly represent the storms in order to accurately estimate the transport of ozone and lightning-NOx production. 2. Methods a. . Lightning itself is also linked to variations in upper tropospheric water vapour, and tropospheric ozone, both of which are strong greenhouse gases. Climate model studies show that in a future warmer climate we may have less thunderstorms overall, but more intense thunderstorms, which may increase the amount of lightning by 10% for every one Cited by:
Water is only element that can exist as solid (ice), liquid (water), or gas (water vapor) at temperatures found in earth’s environment “Latent heat”, an important source of energy that powers storms, is released during condensation of water vapor to liquid water c. Critical “greenhouse gas” Concentration in the atmosphere is highly. Describe both the vertical distribution of water vapor in the atmosphere and its horizontal (geographic) distribution near Earths surface. most water vapor is found near the Earths surface and generally diminishes with increasing altitude.
Around the World in 84 Days and winds every 30 seconds and less frequently sampled observations of ozone, aerosols, water vapor, Bly, N. (), Nellie Bly’s Book: Around the . Atmospheric concentrations of water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, CFCs, and aerosols are very small but also very important to the study of weather and climate. Understanding the concentrations of water vapor and carbon dioxide, among other gases, requires taking into account the cycles of water and carbon from the air.
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Get this from a library. Observations of the vertical transport of water vapor, ozone, and aerosols by thunderstorms. [Peter M Kuhn; W D Komhyr; Thomas B Harris; Paul A Allee; William E Marlatt; United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,; Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.),].
observations of detailed vertical structure of the land breeze over lakes. We also focus on transport of CO2 by a land breeze and its influence on the local budget of CO2, which is summa- rized in Figure 1. In addition, we compare the lake influence on atmospheric transport of CO2, water vapor, and ozoneCited by: Vertical and horizontal transport of water vapour and aerosol inthe tropical stratosphere from high‐resolution balloon‐borne observations Abstract We present the results of accurate balloon-borne observations of water vapor, methane and aerosol obtained during a field campaign held during March in Bauru, Brazil ( S) in the frame of.
Recent observations during the Deep Convective Cloud and Chemistry (DC3) campaign provided the first unambiguous evidence that the tropopause reaching thunderstorms bring ozone-rich stratospheric air down to the troposphere.
atmosphere Article Role of Water Vapor Content in the Effects of Aerosol on the Electriﬁcation of Thunderstorms: A Numerical Study Pengguo Zhao 1,*, Yan Yin 2, Hui Xiao 3, Yunjun Zhou 1,4 and Jia Liu 5,6 1 Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, College of Atmospheric Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology, ChengduChina; Cited by: 4.
Dvortsov and Solomon () explored the impact of water vapor trends on mid-latitude ozone using a 2D model. They discuss two processes related to H 2 O amount that play a role in ozone chemistry, changes in HO x concentrations and changes in temperature.
An increase in H 2 O will decrease stratospheric temperature as well as increase the amount of odd : Karen H. Rosenlof. One is transport of water vapor from the troposphere via deep convection to the tropical tropopause layer (TTL), from there to the stratosphere by the Brewer ‐ Dobson circulation.
[Ludlam, ]. by model sensitivity studies and some field observations, local Observations of ozone trends have shown significant enhancements of water vapor and condensation cloud nuclei in the differences station to station.
For instance, rates of tropospheric exhausts can be sufficient to initiate cloud formation; thisCited by: Observations and analyses of water vapor and clouds in the Tropics over the past decade show that the boundary between regions of high and low free-tropospheric relative humidity is sharp, and.
-Without CO2 and other gases like such as Water Vapor, Methane, and Ozone - known as the Greenhouse Gases - the Earth would freeze Pole to Pole and become SNOWBALL EARTH. -Average Earth temp at the surface is 59 degree F. Transport of air from the troposphere to the stratosphere largely occurs across the tropical tropopause layer (TTL), typically located between 20°S and 20°N and from to 70 hPa (Fueglistaler et al.
).Water vapor and ozone concentrations vary in the TTL as air parcels cross the cold-point tropopause (CPT; ~90 hPa) into the stratosphere, and have been shown to have Cited by: David Peterson and colleagues from the Naval Research Laboratory use satellite observations to quantify the impact of pyrocumulonimbus on troposphere-to-stratosphere exchange of smoke aerosols Cited by: Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols Book • Edited by: The homogeneous nucleation of water vapor in a carrier gas was first studied experimentally in the expansion part of a shock tube using light scattering by Barschdorff, and the numerical solution was added by Sislian and Glass.
it should be marked that the concept. In addition measurements of the vertical distribution of water vapor and aerosols were made from Esrange (68N, 21E), near Kiruna in Sweden. The instruments used were electrochemical ozone sondes (ECC-4A), a fluorescence hygrometer, and the University of Wyoming backscattersonde.
The effects of sea salt aerosols (SSA) on cloud microphysical processes, precipitation, and upper troposphere/lower stratosphere water vapour Author: Baolin Jiang, Dongdong Wang, Xiaodian Shen, Junwen Chen, Wenshi Lin.
The ability of WRF-Chem to represent wet scavenging of trace gases is being evaluated using observations from the Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry (DC3) Field Campaign. The 29 May severe storm in northern Oklahoma is simulated with WRF-Chem using a grid spacing of 1 km in the horizontal and 90 vertical levels from the surface to 50 hPa.
Some observations of the vertical profile of water vapor by means of a laser optical radar R.M. Schotland (in Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment ) Pollutant detection by absorption using Mie scattering and topographic targets as retroreflectors Robert L.
Byer, Max Garbuny (Applied Optics ). observations of aerosols and thin clouds were made in the interior of in the State of São Paulo for the first time; vertical profiles of water vapor are absolutely essential for the validation of satellite-borne monitors; satellite-borne ozone monitors have been found to.
Strong precipitation regions affect the vertical distribution of temperature and water vapor and thereby the strength of the greenhouse effect. The influence on the atmosphere is not limited to the troposphere, but reaches up into the lower stratosphere at 20 km altitude, where particularly strong tropical thunderstorms can deposit water vapor.
The water vapor maps show the total amount of water vapor in the column of air between the surface and the top of the atmosphere on average for the month. The observations were made by the MODIS sensor on NASA's Aqua satellite. Places where the air was dry are white, while places where water vapor was abundant are blue.
These established, advanced LIDAR systems, most of which were first built in China, were used for measuring the vertical profiles of atmospheric aerosol, temperature, water vapor, pollution, and gases (e.g. NO 2, SO 2, O 3, etc.) in the boundary layer, greenhouse gas (CO 2) in the troposphere, temperature and ozone in the stratosphere, and wind Cited by: 1.The aerosol distribution on global and regional scales is dependent on emission, removal and horizontal-vertical transport processes.
A reliable estimate of the direct radiative effects can be reached if a good knowledge of the vertical distribution of the particles is reached, along with their size distribution and physical composition.LIDAR and ceilometers MeteoSwiss uses LIDAR instruments in order to continually measure the vertical profiles of humidity, temperature and aerosols.
LIDAR (light detection and ranging) is one of the few technologies which can resolve the extremely high level of water vapour variability (both temporal and vertical) with the help of laser beams.